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ISSN 2611-8858


Security Measures

La (desapercibida) reintroducción en España de las medidas de seguridad privativas de libertad de duración indeterminada

The paper focuses on the indirect consequences in the Spanish legal system of life sentence with parole since 2015, especially with respect to the overall lenght of measures limiting the personal freedom of individuals

Discretion of the Judge and Automatisms: Problems in the Italian System of “misure di sicurezza”

We talk about “discretion of the judge” every time a Court is recognized the cognitive duty and the power to decide an appropriate sentence in accordance with the purposes of criminal punishment defined by the Parliament. This broad definition includes the power of the criminal courts to apply those that, in Italy, are called "misure di sicurezza". This paper traces the steps followed by the Constitutional Court to remove the presumptions and automatisms that characterize the original structure of the “misure di sicurezza personali”. It will mention the issues raised by the D.L. n. 52/2014, with which the Parliament sought to put an end to the so-called “ergastoli bianchi”, as well as the question of the Court’s power to determine the amount of a confiscation order, a measure that was born as a “misura di sicurezza patrimoniale” but, today, has become a proper criminal punishment. The paper intends to show that, even in the context of the “misure di sicurezza”, the Parliament has the tendency to limit (or eliminate) the discretion of the Court. This trend is not in accordance with the purposes of the instrument “misure di sicurezza” nor with the Constitutional principles.

The Criminal Law Reform Raises its Sights

After the examination of bill A.S. 2067 carried out by the Judiciary Committee, the upper chamber of the Italian Parliament is called to deal with the demand for a reform of the criminal law and procedure. As far as the substantive law is concerned, while the prescription of offences due to reparative actions deserves appreciation, the tendency to impose harsher penalties certainly does not. Furthermore, it is hard to evaluate the new rules on limitation periods, but the bill really seems to struggle to define the main principles to follow in the matter clearly. And while the delegation on the subject of security measures is appreciable, it is not enough to guide the government towards a change in this field. Finally, the intentions underlying the delegation for the implementation of the so-called “code monopoly” appear to be as meritorious as they are illusory.

The Criminal Policy of Interpolations

Bill n. 2067 proposes various uneven amendments to different and important sectors of the criminal justice system; it also contains some enabling acts characterized by the absence of sufficiently defined criteria, which will require the Government to make true criminal policy decisions. More generally, there is no clear design for the reform of the penalty system.

El proyecto de reforma del Código Penal de 2013 como programa inocuizador de delincuentes peligrosos (prisión permanente revisable y medidas de seguridad indeterminadas)

Il progetto di riforma del codice penale spagnolo dal 2013 introduce una modifica sostanziale del sistema di misure di sicurezza ed include l’ergastolo nell’elenco delle sanzioni penali. Entrambe novità rappresentano una svolta del sistema punitivo verso un “diritto penale della sicurezza”, in contrasto con i principi di colpevolezza, legalità, proporzionalità e rieducazione, interpretati alla luce della Costituzione spagnola e della Convenzione europea dei diritti del uomo.